A Census gathers information on population and housing. In most Pacific countries and territories, a Census is carried out every 5 or 10 years. A Census is likely to be the most comprehensive survey a country carries out, as it covers each member of the population, rather than collecting data from a representative sample. Census data enable policy-makers to make informed and relevant decisions, based on current and projected trends.
Household income and expenditure surveys (HIESs) provide information on people’s living conditions and income/expenditure patterns. Data from HIESs are used for rebasing a country’s consumer price index, in the preparation of national accounts and to analyse poverty and hardship in communities.
Demographic and Health Surveys (DHSs) collect information on population, health and nutrition. Ideally, DHSs are carried out every five years and cover subjects including fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and diseases. DHS results inform countries’ population policies, health plans, human development reports, development strategies and national Millennium Development Goal (MDG) reports.Visit Survey Reports on PRISM website