Capital: Nuku’alofa                Land area: 749 km²                Region: Polynesia

Tonga comprises of 169 islands spread out across approximately 800 kilometres from north to south. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east and New Caledonia and Vanuatu farther to the west.

Map of Tonga


Key Reports

    xlsTonga IMTS Tables
    Downloads   Excel

    pdfDisability in Tonga: analysis of the situation of people with disability based on the 2016 population and housing census
    Details   Download   769.48 KB

    pdfGuidelines for the harmonisation of census and survey microdata
    Details   Download   6.43 MB

    pdfTonga 2019 MICS Survey Findings Report
    Details   Download   34.2 MB

    pdfInternational Guidelines for certification and classification (codin) of Covid-19 as a cause of death - WHO
    Details   665.46 KB

Population Pyramid

Census & Survey Collections
2021Household Income and Expenditure Survey
2021Population and Housing Census
2022Agricultural census / survey

News & Publications

Changes in Consumer Prices in Selected PICTs in 2020

May 31, 2021
The outbreak of COVID-19 in the PICTs in 2020 led to many job losses, especially in the tourism and related industries, and a significant slowing-down in overall economic activity.

Curriculum on medical certification of cause of death for PICTs report

May 18, 2021
The Curriculum on medical certification of cause of death for Pacific Island countries and territories report is now available.
A death certificate is a permanent record of the fact of and characteristics of death. It provides important personal information about the decedent, the circumstances and cause of death and serves as the main source of mortality statistics for a country.

A new tool to help register every birth and death

May 10, 2021
A well-functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system is the cornerstone of good, sustainable governance and is key to social and economic development; The CRVS Systems Improvement Framework report is now available.

Knowledge Series 1 - Population registers: Definitions and conceptual framework

May 4, 2021
Population registers are recognised for their dual role of providing critical information about the civil status of individuals within a population. In the Pacific, to the extent known bySPC, there is no evidence of a country that implements a functional population register.