Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems

Civil registration is the process through which governments maintain a record of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events (such as births and deaths) within country. Through birth registration and the issuance of a birth certificate, civil registration establishes an individual’s legal identity, which is a fundamental human right that facilitates the realisation of other critical human and civil rights. Death registration provides the legal closure of an individual’s legal identity and is equally critical in facilitating the realisation of important rights. Civil registration provides governments with routine demographic and health data, needed for administrative planning. It is recognised by the United Nations to be the most reliable source of Vital Statistics.

In an effort to improve Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems, Pacific countries have committed to the Pacific Vital Statistics Action Plan, which sits under the Ten Year Pacific Statistics Strategy and to Asia and Pacific decade for CRVS (20142024) and the corresponding regional action framework. Within these frameworks, countries endeavour to achieve three main goals:

  1. Universal registration of births and deaths (including causes of death);
  2. Provision of legal documentation (birth and death certificates) on all vital events registered and;
  3. To produce accurate, complete and timely vital statistics based on civil registration records.

For information about technical assistance SDD provides related to this topic please go to Civil Registration and Vistal Statistics Support.

1 - No Poverty2 - Zero Hunger3 - Good Health and Well-Being4 - Quality Education5 - Gender Equality6 - Clean Water and Sanitation7 - Affordable and Clean Energy8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth9 - Industry Innovation and Infrastructure10 - Reduced Inequalities11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities12 - Responsible Consumption and Production13 - Climate Action14 - Life Below Water15 - Life Land16 - Peace Justice and Strong Institutions17 - Partnerships Goals
Key Reports
  • Niue-Jun2019-Vital-Statistics
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  • Maintaining Civil Registration and Vital Statistics during the COVID-19 pandemic
    184.52 KBView details
  • International Guidelines for certification and classification (codin) of Covid-19 as a cause of death
    665.46 KBView details
  • Tenue de l'état civil et des statistiques de l'état civil pendant la pandémie de COVID-19
    476.63 KBView details
  • Key Chart
    Key Chart
    Vanuatu recorded deaths by sex

    News & Publications

    2020 pocket statistical summary

    September 15, 2020
    Our 2020 pocket statistical summary has arrived, providing a quick overview of statistics for the people and economies of the Pacific Community’s (SPC’s) member countries.

    Webinar series on utilization of registers and administrative data in Census programmes of Pacific Island countries

    July 27, 2020
    Theme: 2020+ the era of Administrative data; looking into the role of registers and administrative data in Census programmes of Pacific Island countries

    Assistance to Pacific countries in continuing to operate during COVID-19 disruptions.

    April 23, 2020
    A message from Jeff Montgomery
    PCRN Chair, New Zealand Registrar-General

    SPC Elected as Chair of the Global Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Group for 2020-21

    March 22, 2020
    The Statistics for Development Division is proud to announce that SPC has been elected unanimously as the Chair of the Global CRVS Group at a side event of the 2020 UN statistical Commission meeting in New York.