Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems

Civil registration is the process through which governments maintain a record of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events (such as births and deaths) within country. Through birth registration and the issuance of a birth certificate, civil registration establishes an individual’s legal identity, which is a fundamental human right that facilitates the realisation of other critical human and civil rights. Death registration provides the legal closure of an individual’s legal identity and is equally critical in facilitating the realisation of important rights. Civil registration provides governments with routine demographic and health data, needed for administrative planning. It is recognised by the United Nations to be the most reliable source of Vital Statistics.

In an effort to improve Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems, Pacific countries have committed to the Pacific Vital Statistics Action Plan, which sits under the Ten Year Pacific Statistics Strategy and to Asia and Pacific decade for CRVS (20142024) and the corresponding regional action framework. Within these frameworks, countries endeavour to achieve three main goals:

  1. Universal registration of births and deaths (including causes of death);
  2. Provision of legal documentation (birth and death certificates) on all vital events registered and;
  3. To produce accurate, complete and timely vital statistics based on civil registration records.

For information about technical assistance SDD provides related to this topic please go to Civil Registration and Vistal Statistics Support.

Birth Registration
Death Registration
1 - No Poverty2 - Zero Hunger3 - Good Health and Well-Being4 - Quality Education5 - Gender Equality6 - Clean Water and Sanitation7 - Affordable and Clean Energy8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth9 - Industry Innovation and Infrastructure10 - Reduced Inequalities11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities12 - Responsible Consumption and Production13 - Climate Action14 - Life Below Water15 - Life Land16 - Peace Justice and Strong Institutions17 - Partnerships Goals
Key Reports
  • Fertility Trends in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories_2019
    5.2 MBView detailsDownload
  • Republic of Fiji 2012-2017 Vital Statistics Report
    2.22 MBView detailsDownload
  • Niue Vital Statistics report: 2012-2016
    2.55 MBView detailsDownload
  • Measuring Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 16.9 in the Kingdom of Tonga: what does the census say?
    639.25 KBView detailsDownload
  • Key Chart
    Key Chart
    Vanuatu recorded deaths by sex

    News & Publications

    Fertility Trends in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories

    July 19, 2019
    Data on fertility trends in PICTs are critical for addressing the current unmet need in family planning, and for improving maternal and neonatal health.

    Republic of Fiji Vital Statistics Report 2012–2017

    April 17, 2019
    Fiji’s vital statistics report provides statistics pertaining to live births registered by the Civil Registration Office of Fiji during period 2012–2017, and deaths recorded by the Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MoHMS) during years 2015–2017.

    Niue Vital Statistics Report 2012–2016

    January 9, 2019
    This is the second analytical report for Niue’s vital statistics based on civil registration data.

    Sub-regional training on medical certification of causes of death, Tonga, 05-07 Dec. 2018

    January 7, 2019
    BAG is in the process of organising a sub-regional training for doctors on medical certification of causes-of-death, 5-7th December 2018 in the Kingdom of Tonga.