Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems
Civil registration is the process through which governments maintain a record of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events (such as births and deaths) within country. Through birth registration and the issuance of a birth certificate, civil registration establishes an individual’s legal identity, which is a fundamental human right that facilitates the realisation of other critical human and civil rights. Death registration provides the legal closure of an individual’s legal identity and is equally critical in facilitating the realisation of important rights. Civil registration provides governments with routine demographic and health data, needed for administrative planning. It is recognised by the United Nations to be the most reliable source of Vital Statistics.
In an effort to improve Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems, Pacific countries have committed to the Pacific Vital Statistics Action Plan, which sits under the Ten Year Pacific Statistics Strategy and to Asia and Pacific decade for CRVS (2014–2024) and the corresponding regional action framework. Within these frameworks, countries endeavour to achieve three main goals:
- Universal registration of births and deaths (including causes of death);
- Provision of legal documentation (birth and death certificates) on all vital events registered and;
- To produce accurate, complete and timely vital statistics based on civil registration records.
For information about technical assistance SDD provides related to this topic please go to Civil Registration and Vistal Statistics Support.