Population Statistics

About the Population Statistics

Data provided include national population estimates, which are updated at least biannually, as are medium-term population estimated up to 2050. Whenever new demographic information becomes available from population censuses and household surveys, new national population projections are produced, and annual estimates are recalibrated.

Basic demographic statistics include national population numbers disaggregated by 5 year age groups and sex; age dependency and sex ratios; crude birth, death and migration rates; annual population growth rates, including rural and urban growth rates; and key demographic indicators, like fertility, mortality and migrations rates. Additional data, like more detailed vital statistics, can be found on the NMDI website.

Visit the NMDI site

Pacific Island Populations

Below is a summary of Pacific Island and Territories population counts at the most recent census. You can also download the fully detailed population spreadsheet. xlsx2016 Population Projections by PICT.xlsx34.95 KB
The 2018 projection will be available soon.

(Page updated in June 2018)

Region/country or territory Most recent census Population count at last census Land area (km²) Estimated number of people
Mid-year 2016
Total Males Females
 MELANESIA     540,030   10,250,400   5,271,700   4,978,700  
   Fiji 2007   837,271   18,333   880,400   447,700   432,700  
   New Caledonia 2014   268,767   18,576   277,000   139,500   137,500  
   Papua New Guinea  2011   7,059,653    462,840   8,151,300   4,205,000   3,946,300  
   Solomon Islands 2009   515,870   28,230   651,700   331,100   320,600  
   Vanuatu 2009   234,023   12,281   289,700   148,300   141,400  
 MICRONESIA   3,156   413,400   211,400   202,000  
   Federated States of Micronesia 2010   102,843   701   104,600   53,300   51,300  
   Guam 2010   159,358   541   169,500   86,400   83,100  
   Kiribati 2015(p)   109,693   811    ṛ        
   Marshall Islands 2011   53,158   181   55,000   28,100   26,900  
   Nauru 2011   10,084   21   10,800   5,400   5,400  
   Northern Mariana Islands 2010   53,883   457   55,700   28,800   26,900  
   Palau 2015(p)   17,661   444   17,800   9,400   8,400  
 POLYNESIA    8,126   664,800   340,600   324,200  
   American Samoa 2010   55,519   199   56,400   28,700   27,700  
   Cook Islands 2011   14,974   237   15,200   7,500   7,700  
   French Polynesia 2012   268,270   3,521   273,800   139,600   134,200  
   Niue 2011   1,611   259   1,600    800   800  
   Pitcairn Islands   2012   57   47   n.a.       
   Samoa 2011   187,820   2,934    194,000   100,400   93,500  
   Tokelau 2011   1,411   12   1,400   700   700  
   Tonga 2011   103,252   749   100,600   52,200   48,500  
   Tuvalu 2012   10,782   26   10,100   5,100   5,000  
   Wallis and Futuna 2013   12,197   142   11,800   5,700   6,100  
 TOTAL     551,312      
 

(p) = Preliminary census results;
n.a. = not available or not projected;
ṛ = under review, pending clearance of migration data and 2015 Census growth;
* = small cells suppressed;
Note: all estimates refer to de facto population, except the Cook Islands where estimates refer to resident population only.