Food security

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (World Food Summit, 1996).

There are four dimenstions to food security:

Food Availability
Refers to “Sufficient” amount of food that is present in a country/area through local food production and imports or food aid

Food Access
Refers to “physical, social and economic access” to acquire adequate amount of food consistently through production, purchases, barter, borrowings

Food Utilisation
Refers to “safe and nutritious food which meets dietary needs for an active and healthy life”

Food Stability
Refers to “at all times” in the definition and applies to all 3 dimensions

For additional information relating to education please go to our Land Resources Division and Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems Division.

1 - No Poverty2 - Zero Hunger3 - Good Health and Well-Being4 - Quality Education5 - Gender Equality6 - Clean Water and Sanitation7 - Affordable and Clean Energy8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth9 - Industry Innovation and Infrastructure10 - Reduced Inequalities11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities12 - Responsible Consumption and Production13 - Climate Action14 - Life Below Water15 - Life Land16 - Peace Justice and Strong Institutions17 - Partnerships Goals
Key Infographic
Food suecurity

News & Publications

Using data to unravel the complex web of food systems

September 19, 2021
The term “food systems” refers to the web of actions and interactions involving the production, processing, transport, trade, marketing and consumption of the food we eat, and surrounding biophysical and socioeconomic environments - and they are complex.

Mobile Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping of Food Systems: Supporting Access to Timely and Open Data in the Pacific

September 13, 2021
Timely access to reliable data on food security is vital for decision making in times of crisis, especially for the Pacific in the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic and climate change.

The importance of good data: Pacific food trade

September 8, 2021
Over the past century, the basic characterisation of the Pacific food system has transitioned from one of subsistence and abundance to one that relies on imports of staples and highly processed foods.

Pre-COVID-19 baseline indicators for 9 Pacific Island countries

December 14, 2020
As the world is facing an unprecedented crisis with the Coronavirus (COVID-19), the Pacific region has not been as affected as the rest of the world when it comes to infection rates, but the economic implication of the pandemic has been catastrophic across many of the 22 Pacific Island countries and territories.

PDH.stat datasets